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‘Maoist Movement Is A Challenge to Corrupt Elites’


Dr CHITRA KRISHNA TIWARI is a US-based Nepali political scientist. He was in Nepal for about five months to cover May general elections. Upon his return to the Washington D. C., he replied to a set of questions over e-mail to SPOTLIGHT. Excerpts:

How do you see the culmination of Maoist rebellion in Nepal? How does it pose threat to country's
political stability?

I have seen strength in the Maoist movement from day one of the launching of People's War. I clearly saw the movement's strong roots among the poverty stricken masses of Nepal. I am not surprised at all to see the expansion of guerrilla war into as many as 38 of the country's 75 districts. I would not be surprised at all if Maoist People's Army marches into Kathmandu within the next 2-3 years!

I am not quite sure how it poses threat to the entire country's political stability but the movement is
certainly a threat to political and economic monopoly of Khaobadi rulers/ leaders and their henchmen.

The common people are suffering on a day-to-day basis but they have nothing to lose. Therefore, if
Maoist rebellion is a problem of stability, it is the problem of the stability of the corrupt Khaobadi elite based in Kathmandu and other urban centers.

Given the sense of instability in the government even after securing majority, how do you see the role
of monarchy and so-called foreign forces in the Nepalese polity?

The past election of May 1999 was a farce. The Congress Party's parliamentary majority is
questionable. As a result, the government leaders are haunted by a sense of instability. They see
enemies all around them. They interpret Maoist rebellion as monarchical game played to establish
status-quo ante by undermining democracy. There are others who see foreign forces behind Maoist

I do not see any logic behind both of these arguments. These arguments reflect a crisis of confidence
prevalent among the ruling elites in Nepal. After all, why would the king instigate Maoists who are bent on destroying the monarchy itself? Seeing the hands of the so-called 'foreign forces' is yet another example of the crisis of confidence. I can't believe India would fan the Maoist insurgency; China is no longer a Maoist state; the U.S. is geographically so far away that it does not make any sense for Americans to fan communist rebellion in Nepal even for the purpose of temporary expediency.

So, Maoist problem is internal. Foreigners will certainly watch the developments to protect their
day-to-day interests but I don't believe they are doctoring the Maoist political and military events. The monarchy, however, might take an active interest as events unfold.


Vol. 19 :: No. 14


October 01 - October 07, 1999

20.07. 2001 Revolution in Nepal scales new heights
29.06. 2001 Nepal: Visiting Maoist Guerrilla Stronghold
13.03. 2001 aGb's af]Sg] ;'Gb/Lx¿ cyf{t\ cl:dtf / cl:dtfx¿
12.03. 2001 dfcf]jfbL cfGbf]ng lgoGq0feGbf aflx/ hfnf <
10.03. 2001 What the Left can right
10.03. 2001 Today, there is peace. But it is a peace of acquiescence.
02.03. 2001 “Development” vs the Maobadis
29.12. 2000 Kangaroo courts
29.12. 2000 JOURNEY to MAOLAND
14.11. 2000 Ills 'overtake' democracy in Nepal
02.11. 2000 Mao in the mountains
29.10. 2000 Ten years of the Multi-Party System: To what end? Nepal update 5
10.10. 2000 Maoist insurgency a growing menace in roof of the world
27.09. 2000 The rebels want an end to police action
19.08. 2000 Nepal: Repression and Maoist Struggle in the Himalayan Kingdom
03.07. 2000 Police accused of dirty war against Nepal's Maoist guerrillas
01.03. 2000 A Maoist revolt gets international attention
21.02. 2000 Maoist forum to intensify operations in S. Asia
24.01. 2000 Rediff On The NeT: Twilight Zone
09.01. 2000 Save Indo-Nepal Relations from Saffron Expansionism and Enemity with Pakistan
03.01. 2000 Nepal Update:The Maoist menace continues
07.10. 1999 ‘Maoist Movement Is A Challenge to Corrupt Elites’
30.08. 1999 Mao in the Mountains of Nepal, by Richard S. Ehrlich
01.07. 1999 Action and Insurgency in Nepal
03.05. 1999 In Nepal, Maoism gathers strength
20.03. 1999 The People's War in Nepal: Some disturbing trends
10.10. 1998 Red Star over South Asia